In this article we show you the step by step process of making a simple but effective survival bow out of a sapling or a small branch, and a little cordage.
A DIY survival bow is a weapon that is incredibly effective and easy to make. You can make one with only found materials in just a few hours.
In addition, bows are silent and can be accurate up to about 50 yards. With a little practice, your hunting and self-defense needs are covered.
In a perfect world you would want your wood to dry out and season for about a year before making your bow. However, you can still make a good bow without this step. It may not be quite as powerful or durable, but it will get the job done.
In this article we will walk you through how to make a survival bow and get you shooting as quickly as possible.
Choosing Your Wood
The wood you choose when building a bow is very important. It has to be strong enough to endure the constant abuse that bows take, but it also has to flex without breaking.
The best wood for a bow is osage orange, but black locust, yew, ash, or hickory all will work well.
If none of these are available, you can get by with more common woods like oak, maple, or beech.
The wood you choose should be a sapling or branch that is fairly straight. It should have no knots, branches, or twists in the wood.
The ideal size is about five feet long and about two inches in diameter.
Cut your branch carefully being sure not to cause any splits or damage to this section of wood.
Finding the Curve and Handhold
To determine where to carve on your bow, you have to figure out the natural curve of the wood.
This should be a straight piece of wood, but it will still have a natural curve when pressure is applied.
Stand the branch up straight and push down from the top.
You should start to see a slight curve to the branch.
From this point forward, no carving should be done on the outside of this curve.
This is the section of wood that is under the most stress, so its strength cannot be compromised.
From here you can mark the center point of your bow and measure three inches above and three inches below.
This will be your handhold area, and little carving will be done on this section.
Next, put the bottom end of the bow on your foot and bend the bow a few inches.
Observe where the bow bends and where it stays straight.
Once the bow is finished, you should get some flexing out of every section of the bow except the tips and the handhold.
Mark any other sections that do not flex and then gradually shave a little wood off the inside of the curve.
Remember, do not carve on the outside of the curve for any reason.
Frequently check the bow to see if your adjustments are helping.
Of course, any sections that already flex on their own should not be carved any thinner than they already are.
Continue this process until both arms of the bow evenly flex in all sections.
Stringing and Adjusting
You can now carve notches on the left and right sides of the bow about an inch from the end.
They should only be deep enough to hold your string in place, and should not extend to the outside of the curve.
Cut a section of cordage to use for your bowstring. This could be paracord, sinew, or cordage made from plant material.
Tie a loop on each end large enough to fit over the end of your bow and sit in the notches.
Once the bow is strung, you should have about a six inch gap between the string and the handhold.
Do not pull back on the string yet as additional adjustments need to be made.
Next, place the handhold over a branch and gently pull down on the string. Observe which arm flexes less. Trim additional wood from the inside of the curve on that branch to give you an even amount of flex on each arm.
Once the limbs are flexing evenly, gently draw the bow back like you are preparing to fire it and feel the draw weight when the string is pulled to your jaw.
You will need a stronger draw weight for big game and longer shots, or a weaker draw weight for small game at short distances. If you wish to reduce the draw weight, you can trim more wood from the inside of the curve.
Why Should You Learn Bow Hunting for Survival?
Learning how to hunt with a bow and arrow, especially with a focus on stealth hunting and tracking, is one of the most valuable skills a prepper can have.
Not everyone plans to become a survivor someday, so learning survival skills isn’t something most people worry about.
Many would rather roll over when the lights go out. Chances are, if you’re reading this, that isn’t you.
What if the unthinkable happens and you have to figure out how to hunt for your own food? Bullets eventually disappear, and sometimes you need stealth instead.
Times like this a bow is your best option. Learning archery, especially with a focus on stealth hunting and tracking, is one of the most valuable skills a prepper can learn.
Here are 5 good reasons to learn bow hunting for survival situations.
1. You’ll Never Starve
First and foremost, if you have a bow and know how to hunt, you’ll never starve. The best part is you can kill just about any animal with a bow, so you won’t face a life of spam in a can and Twinkies.
Large animals like whitetail deer can feed large amounts of people and are easy to cook and clean in the wild.
If you get sick of wild game, the best bow hunters can use their weapon to catch fish as well. If they’re not good at shooting fish in the water, they can use an arrow as a spear.
2. You Have Protection
If the world changes in a heartbeat, first responders such as police and fire will be extremely busy. In these types of situations even ordinarily honest people will loot, steal, and misbehave, if they think it will help them and theirs survive.
A bow and arrows probably wouldn’t be someone’s first line of defense in normal society, but when your only goal is trying to survive a bow and arrow can be a good line of defense.
3. It’s A DIY Project
One of the greatest things about a bow and arrow is you don’t even have to own one to use one in a survival situation.
They are easy to make, and if you’re smart enough to learn how to shoot a bow, you can learn how to make one. Basically, you only need a few materials to make a bow and arrows that will help you protect yourself and hunt for food.
To make a bow in a survival situation, you just need some hardwood to make the bow itself. Items like cattails and small (straight) sticks can be used to make arrows, and broadheads can be made out of stone chips.
Another great source for broadheads is glass. You can break a glass bottle, look for shattered windows, or just look at debris laying near the edges of roadways.
Wherever there is rocks, there’s usually glass. Just chip it away to that it’s even on both sides. Keys, computer parts, and many more things can be broken and shaped into arrow heads.
Finding string for the bow can be a bit more challenging. Examples of places to look for string material include vines, strong plants or the thread of clothes you or someone else in your group is wearing.
4. Bow Strings Are Multi-Purpose
Whether you have a traditional bow string or you’re improvising with items you find in the wild, you can use the bow string to do many other things as well. For instance, you can use bow string to make a snare, use in traps, or even start a fire via a bow drill.
Also, if you find a good source of materials to make bow strings you can create many things. And nothing is stopping you from using the string you are using for a bow to build something else with as long as you don’t damage it.
If you are planning on using string like substances for your survival needs or gear, you should make sure you know how much is available to you and use it accordingly.
5. Long Range Damage
Not many weapons are as accurate as a bow and arrow when you’re in a long-range situation. With practice, you can accurately use a bow and arrow from 50 to 100 yards away, and good luck trying that with a spear.
Without stating the obvious too much, what this means is you don’t have to get close to something or somebody to either scare it away or kill it, if necessary.
At this point you can start using your bow, but there are things you can do to make it last longer, such as never dry firing your bow (firing it without an arrow), and you can also sand the carved area of your bow and oil it with animal fat or linseed oil. Use it often and oil it on a regular basis.
For further information to help with your bow hunting process, you can read more bow hunting tips here.
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